Searching Specific Fields
You can search for a term in a specific field by entering the name of the field followed by a colon and the string you want to search. For example:
Fields that can be searched directly are:
The operators must be written in all capital letters to ensure that they are interpreted correctly by the system.
In a query containing both AND and OR operators, AND is processed first, followed by OR. If a query contains parentheses, operators within parentheses are processed first, and then precedence rules are processed from left to right.
Ampersand (&): Is equated with the appropriate word for "and" in all supported languages except Korean, Japanese, and Chinese where it is not necessary. In German "&" is treated as "UND".
Query Examples using AND, OR, and NOT
you will get the same results when you search for
earthquake AND fault
To expand the results, use the OR operator. For example, if you search for
microcircuits OR nanocircuits
your results will include items containing either term or both terms.
To search for phrases, enclose the phrase in quotes. Use any of the operators combined with phrase searches. For example, if you search for
"teacher education" OR "educator training"
your results will include either complete phrase.
To exclude items in a Summon search, use the NOT operator or minus sign (-) character before a term. For example, the query
mustang NOT animal
will exclude items that refer to the horse, but will include references to the Ford Mustang.
You can add parentheses to nest expressions within a query.For example:
(Paint OR Glass) Applied
is the same as a search for
(Paint OR Glass) AND Applied
Paint OR Glass Applied
is different. This is the same as a search for
Paint OR (Glass AND Applied)
Wildcard searches expand a search and will increase the number of results returned. Summon supports two wildcards: the question mark (?) and the asterisk (*). Wildcards cannot be used as the first character of a search.
The question mark (?) will match a single character. For instance, the search "wom?n" will find both "woman" and "women."
The asterisk (*) will match zero or more characters within a word or at the end of a word. A search for "sustainab*" will match "sustainable" and "sustainability."
Proximity searches limit result to terms within a specified number of words from each other. To perform a proximity search, enclose your search terms in quotes and use the tilde (~) followed by a number indicating the distance you want to allow between the search terms.
For example: "yeast bread"~10 finds material where "yeast" and "bread" appear within 10 words of each other.
NOTE: proximity searching does not take the order of search terms into account. In this example, the search "boron nanotubes potassium"~6 yields results in which the three search terms appear within six words of each other in any order.