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Paul H. Appleby Papers

An inventory of his papers at the Syracuse University Archives


Creator: Appleby, Paul H. (Paul Henson), 1891-1963.
Title: Paul H. Appleby Papers
Dates: 1931-1971
Size: 6 boxes (3 linear feet)
Abstract: The Paul H. Appleby Papers contain material from his professional career as an expert in the field of public administration, including his time with the federal government, his work as Dean of the Maxwell School, and as a well-respected author.
Language: English
Repository: University Archives,
Special Collections Research Center
Syracuse University Libraries
222 Waverly Ave., Suite 600
Syracuse, NY 13244-2010


Paul H. Appleby

Paul H. Appleby was born on September 13, 1891 on a farm in Green County, Missouri. He graduated from Grinnell University in Iowa with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1913 and was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the same institution in 1942. Appleby also received an honorary Doctor of Humanities degree from Wayne State University in 1962.

After earning his bachelor's degree, Appleby worked in journalism for a number of different publications. He edited weekly newspapers in Montana, Iowa, and Minnesota until 1920, edited the Iowa Magazine between 1920 and 1924 and worked as an editorial writer on the Des Moines Register and Tribune until 1928. That year, Appleby moved to Virginia, where he edited two weekly newspapers.

Appleby had always been interested in the public workings of the government and went on to invest fifteen years of his life to federal service. In 1933, he became executive assistant to Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace. He went on to become the Under-Secretary of Agriculture in 1940. Appleby worked with Great Britain as chief of food missions during 1941 and 1942, where he studied and made recommendations about food production, rationing and distribution. From 1941 to 1943, he was chairman of the first International Wheat Conference and then the International Wheat Council. He became a member of the American delegation to the United Nations Conference on Food and Agriculture in 1943. In 1946, Appleby served as a special assistant and eventually Director of the Bureau of the Budget, a task for which President Harry Truman personally thanked him when Appleby left government service.

From 1947 to 1956, Appleby was Dean of the Maxwell Graduate School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. During that time, he was a special consultant on public administrative problems for the Indian government, an endeavor funded by the Ford Foundation. Appleby also served as Director of the Budget of the State of New York under Governor W. Averell Harriman. His work and expertise with public administration helped make the Maxwell School and Syracuse University one of the most respected institutions in the field.

Appleby's experience enabled him to write numerous reports, speeches, articles and publications, many of which were considered highly influential in the field of public administration. He wrote four books on the subject: Big Democracy (1947), Policy and Administration (1949), Morality and Administration (1952), and Citizens as Sovereigns (1962). Constantly connected and up-to-date in the field, Appleby was a member of the American Society for Public Administration, the American Political Science Association, the National Municipal League and the Committee of the National Civil Service League.

Paul H. Appleby died in Washington, D.C. on October 21, 1963.

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Scope and Content Note

The Paul H. Appleby Papers contain a variety of material dating from 1931 to 1971, but the majority of the collection involves his experience in the field of public administration. The collection has been divided into four series.

The Correspondence series is divided into General and Individual correspondence. General correspondence is composed of various personal and professional letters Appleby received throughout his career. Included are letters from his time working in various roles in the federal government and as a dean at Syracuse University; many pertain to his writings. Individual correspondence consists of letters retained by Appleby for the autographs of several notable people, including Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt, Adlai Stevenson and Harry Truman. There are usually only one or two letters from each person.

The Ford Foundation Consultant series contains memoranda, reports, notes and publications Appleby kept while he worked in India for the Ford Foundation. There are also a number of newspaper clippings about reports he had done on public administrative reform in India.

The Subject Files series has a variety of materials from Appleby's personal and professional life, including event programs, newspaper clippings, photographs, invitations and various printed material. There are a number of reference files and reports that Appleby used and created for his work in administration, as well as the transcript to an interview he had done, entitled "Reminiscences."

The Writing series consists of over forty manuscripts and notes on papers done by Appleby. There are also copies of three of his books: Citizens as Sovereigns (1962), Morality and Administration (1952) and Policy and Administration (1949).

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Access Restrictions

Please note that the collection is housed off-site, and advance notice is required to allow time to have the materials brought to the Reading Room on campus.

Use Restrictions

Written permission must be obtained from University Archives,
Special Collections Research Center
Syracuse University Libraries and all relevant rights holders before publishing quotations, excerpts or images from any materials in this collection.

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Related Material

The Archives holds a clipping file and portrait file on Paul H. Appleby. There is also a separate collection of Appleby's papers pertaining to his time as Dean of the Maxwell School at Syracuse University.

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Selected Search Terms


Appleby, Paul H. (Paul Henson), 1891-1963.
Syracuse University -- History.
Syracuse University.


Education -- Administration.
Government employment.
College teachers.
Higher education.

Types of material


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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Preferred citation for this material is as follows:

Paul H. Appleby Papers,
University Archives,
Special Collections Research Center
Syracuse University Libraries

Acquisition Information

Records indicate the Paul H. Appleby Papers were given to the Archives in 1967. His wife, Ruth Appleby may have donated some of the papers, but it is unclear as to which material.

Processing Information

Materials were rehoused in acid-free folders and boxes.

Finding Aid Information

Created by: Matthew Isom
Date: 2014
Revision history:

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The series and majority of material are arranged in alphabetical order. General correspondence is arranged chronologically and Individual correspondence is arranged alphabetically by last name.

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Box 1 1931-1934
Box 1 1935-1936
Box 1 1937-1939
Box 1 1940
Box 1 1941-1944
Box 1 1945-1948
Box 1 1951-1953
Box 1 1954-1955
Box 1 1957-1959
Box 1 1960-1964
Box 1 undated
Box 2 Acheson, Dean 1942, 1949, 1957, 1965
Box 2 Anderson, Sherwood undated
Box 2 Barkley, Alben W. 1946
Box 2 Batt, W.L. 1942
Box 2 Beck, Thomas H. 1934
Box 2 Brannan, Charles F. 1950
Box 2 Bruce, Viscount Stanley Melbourne 1942, 1959
Box 2 Butler, Harold 1942
Box 2 Churchill, Winston S. 1942
Box 2 Connelly, Matthew J. 1951
Box 2 Coy, Wayne 1953
Box 2 Cripps, Sir Richard Stafford 1942
Box 2 Dawes, Charles G. 1947, 1948
Box 2 Douglas, William O. 1938
Box 2 Eisenhower, Dwight D. 1946
Box 2 Farley, James A. 1936-1940, 1962
Box 2 Frank, Jerome N. 1952
Box 2 Frankfurter, Felix 1942-1944
Box 2 Galbraith, John Kenneth 1958
Box 2 Gruenther, Alfred M. 1957
Box 2 Halifax 1942
Box 2 Halsted, Anna Roosevelt 1944, 1953
Box 2 Harriman, Averell 1942-1958
Box 2 Hopkins, Harry L. 1937, 1943-1944
Box 2 Hull, Mr. and Mrs. Cordell 1937, 1943
Box 2 Ickes, Harold L. 1944
Box 2 LaGuardia, Fiorello 1937
Box 2 Lehman, Herbert H. 1951
Box 2 Lubin, Isador 1958
Box 2 Maud, John 1942
Box 2 Morgenthal, Henry, Jr. 1942
Box 2 Nehru, Jawaharlal 1954, 1956
Box 2 Orr, Sir John Boyd 1945
Box 2 Pace, Frank, Jr. 1950-1952
Box 2 Patterson, Robert P. 1946
Box 2 Pearson, Michael 1944
Box 2 Perkins, Frances 1947
Box 2 Pinchot, Cornelia Bryce 1940
Box 2 Rockefeller, Nelson A. 1944
Box 2 Roosevelt, Eleanor 1936, 1944
Box 2 Roosevelt, Franklin D. 1936-1944
Box 2 Rosenman, Samuel I. 1950
Box 2 Schwellenbach, Lewis B. 1946
Box 2 Sherwood, Robert E. 1953
Box 2 Smith, Harvey 1944
Box 2 Stettings, E.R., Jr. 1942, 1944
Box 2 Stevenson, Adlai E. 1952, 1956, 1962
Box 2 Truman, Harry 1945-1946, 1950
Box 2 Unidentified 1937, 1942
Box 2 Wallace, Henry A. 1941, 1944, 1960, 1961
Box 2 Ward, Robert Barrington 1944
Box 2 Webb, James E. 1949-1951
Box 2 Woolton 1942
Ford Foundation Consultant
Box 2 Memoranda 1953-1956, undated
Box 2 Newspaper Clippings, Appleby Report 1956
Box 2 Parliament Debates 1956
Box 3 Publications 1954, undated
Box 3 Reports 1956
Subject Files
Box 3 Event Programs 1938-1963
Financial Data
Box 3 Budget Seminar 1946
Box 3 Judicial Opinion 1939
Box 3 Miscellaneous 1933-1942
Box 3 New York Real Estate Tax Exemptions 1954-1957
Box 3 Interview, "Reminiscences" 1957 (2 folders)
Box 3 Invitations 1936-1941, undated
Box 3 Memoranda 1935-1946
Box 3 Memoranda 1951-1963 undated
Box 3 Names and Addresses Lists 1952, undated
Box 3 Newspaper Clippings 1940-1964, undated
Box 4 Photographs 1933 1941
Box 4 Printed Material - Miscellaneous 1939-1971
Box 4 Printed Material - Political 1932-1945
Box 4 Printed Material - Political 1946-1960. undated
Reference Files
Box 4 Abstracts of Conversations 1937
Box 4 Lecture and Scholarly Papers 1936-1960
Box 4 Lecture and Scholarly Papers undated
Box 4 Miscellaneous 1939-1940, undated
Box 4 Note and Quotations 1954-1959, undated
Box 5 Position Papers 1934, 1961, undated
Box 5 Press Releases 1940-1953
Box 5 Alliance for Progress 1963
Box 5 Proposed Federal Legislation 1938
Box 5 Public Administration 1962
Box 5 Washington Wheat Meeting 1941-1942
Box 5 Speeches - Public Administration 1942, 1958, undated
Box 5 Speeches - Politics 1936-1940
Box 5 "An Administrator Looks at Politics" undated
Box 5 "Alternatives" undated
Box 5 "Areas of Discretion" 1953
Box 5 "British Type Governments" undated
Box 5 "Centralization and Political Values" undated
Box 5 "The Citizen in Modern Society" undated
Box 5 "Citizens and Officials" undated
Box 5 "Cliches Inimical to Understanding" undated
Box 5 "Decision Making" undated
Box 5 "Delegation" undated
Box 5 "Education and Government" undated
Box 5 "Education for Public Administration" 1950
Box 5 "Facts, Information, Experts" undated
Box 5 Federal Interdepartmental Safety Council Remarks 1945
Box 5 "For Future Madisons" 1950
Box 5 "Foresight and Hindsight" undated
Box 5 "Functions of the Public" undated
Box 5 "Good Judgment" undated
Box 5 "A Hierarchical Picture" undated
Box 5 "History and Decision Making" undated
Box 5 "How Do Government Employees Vote" 1944
Box 5 "Identifying Objectives" undated
Box 5 "Institutional Decision Making" undated
Box 5 "The Institutional View" undated
Box 5 "The Intellectuals and Public Policy" undated
Box 6 "Irrelevant Discussion" undated
Box 6 "Leaders and Decision-Makers" undated
Box 6 "Making Over-all Sense" undated
Box 6 "Memorandum for the President" 1945
Box 6 Notes undated
Box 6 "Obtaining Qualified Political Executives" undated
Box 6 "Operation Sandal Strap" undated
Box 6 "The Pluralistic Pool" undated
Box 6 "Political Science: The Next Twenty Five Years" 1950
Box 6 "Popular Education" undated
Box 6 "The Process of Judgment" undated
Box 6 "Public Administration and Democracy" undated
Box 6 "Resolution of Forces" undated
Box 6 "Responsibility" undated
Box 6 "The Role of Administration in the Regulatory Process" 1946
Box 6 "The Significance of the Hoover Commission Report" 1949
Box 6 "Some Thoughts on Decentralised Democracy" 1962
Box 6 "Strategy and Tactics of Agitation" undated
Box 6 "Tentativeness of Decisions" undated
Box 6 "Top Policy-Makers are Amateurs" undated
Box 6 "Training for Political Science" undated
Box 6 "Two Missions to Britain" undated
Box 6 "Understanding Decision Making" undated
Box 6 "A View of Institutions" undated
Box 6 "Who Governs America?" 1948
Box 6 Citizens as Sovereigns 1962
Box 6 Morality and Administration 1952
Box 6 Policy and Administration 1949

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