Finding aid created by: MFA
Date: Nov 1968
|9 Dec 2009||converted to EAD (MRC)|
|3 Jun 2011||dates corrected (MRC)|
|14 Jul 2017||rehoused, inventory updated, media added (MS)|
Overview of the Collection
|Creator:||Wood, John S. (John Shirley), 1888-1966.|
|Title:||John Shirley Wood Papers|
|Quantity:||4.5 linear ft.|
|Abstract:||Papers of the U.S. Army officer. Collection consists of correspondence (1928-1967); articles and speeches on military subjects (1934-1967); photographs (1937-1965); and memorabilia (1917-1966), including address books. Notable correspondents include Creighton W. Abrams, Hanson Baldwin, Alan Bible, Howard W. Cannon, Bruce C. Clarke, James B. Conant, Bing Crosby, William O. Douglas, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Leopold Figl, J. William Fulbright, Lyndon B. Johnson, Robert F. Kennedy, Curtis E. LeMay, Basil Henry Liddell Hart, John L. McClellan, Frank Pace, George S. Patton, Francis T.P. Plimpton, Syngman Rhee, Eddie Rickenbacker, L. Mendel Rivers, Karl F. Rolvaag, Eleanor Roosevelt, DeWitt C. Smith, Robert A. Taft, Maxwell D. Taylor, James A. Van Fleet, William C. Westmoreland, Stephen M. Young, and others.|
|Language:||Bulk is in English, with a few items in Spanish, German and Italian.|
|Repository:||Special Collections Research Center,
Syracuse University Libraries
222 Waverly Avenue
Syracuse, NY 13244-2010
Major General John Shirley Wood (1888-1966) was an American army officer and writer on military history and strategy, particularly relating to field artillery.
Born January 11, 1888 at Monticello, Arkansas, John Shirley Wood was the son of Arkansas Supreme Court Justice Carroll D. Wood and Reola (Thompson) Wood. He received his B.S. from the University of Arkansas in 1907 and graduated from West Point Military Academy in 1912. In 1924 he attended the Command and General Staff School, and in 1931 the Ecole de Guerre in Paris. The University of Arkansas awarded him an honorary LL.D. degree in 1946
Much of General Wood's early career was in the academic world. He served at West Point as football coach, instructor in chemistry, and Commandant of Cadets. He was also head of the military departments at Culver Military Academy and the University of Wisconsin.
General Wood commanded various field artillery units including the Division Artillery of the 1st Division and of the 2d Armored Division. His staff duties included service as Executive Officer (XO) of the Hawaiian Field Artillery Brigade, as a division staff officer of the 3rd Division in France (1918), as Chief of Staff of the Third Army (1939-1940), and as Chief of Staff of the 1st Armored Corps (1941). As a general officer he held a combat command of the 5th Armored Division. From 1942 to 1944 he commanded the 4th Armored Division, leading it in the advance from Normandy across France into Germany. From 1945 until his retirement from the Army in 1946, he was in command of the Replacement Training Center at Fort Knox, Kentucky.
For his service in combat, General Wood received the Distinguished Service Cross, the Distinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star, the Bronze Star, and the Air Medal. He was also awarded the Croix de Guerre with palm, and the Rosette of the Legion d'honneur for his service in France.
After his retirement from the Army, General Wood served as Chief of Mission for the International Refugee Organization in Austria (1947-1952), Chief of Mission for the United Nations Reconstruction Administration in Tokyo, Korea, and Geneva (1952-1953), and Civil Defense Director for Reno, Nevada (1957-1958).
During the years prior to World War II, General Wood's reviews and digests of French, German, Italian, and Spanish military literature appeared in a number of military journals.
General Wood died on July 2, 1966 in Reno, Nevada, and is buried at West Point Cemetery in West Point, New York. He was married to Abigail Harvey Wood, with whom he had a son, Colonel John S. Wood, and a daughter Shirley.
The John Shirley Wood Papers consist of correspondence, writings, photographs, and memorabilia.
Correspondence is primarily with friends and members of Congress; it concerns both personal affairs and national and international matters such as the Vietnam War, retirement pay for officers, nuclear weapons policy, military strategy and army recruitment and training.
Writings include articles, an autobiographical piece, a column, a foreword, memoranda, notes and outlines, obituaries for friends and for himself, speeches, and a transcript of a telephone conversation. Documents are in several forms, including manuscript, typescript, mimeograph, and printed.
Photographs in the collection are of General Wood, his friends, and places he served tours of duty. There are also two photograph albums.
Memorabilia include personal items such as address books, awards, citations, commissions, degrees, date books, bills and receipts, maps, obituaries and memorials, newspaper clippings about Wood, and printed material on subjects of interest to him.
Correspondence is arranged either alphabetically (incoming) or chronologically (outgoing). Writings are subdivided into those about Wood and those by Wood; within that, they are alphabetized by type of material. Photographs and memorabilia are arranged in roughly alphabetical order.
The majority of our archival and manuscript collections are housed offsite and require advanced notice for retrieval. Researchers are encouraged to contact us in advance concerning the collection material they wish to access for their research.
Written permission must be obtained from SCRC and all relevant rights holders before publishing quotations, excerpts or images from any materials in this collection.
See also the Hanson W. Baldwin Papers, which relate entirely to Baldwin's unpublished biography of General Wood.
Abrams, Creighton W. (Creighton Williams), 1914-1974.
Baldwin, Hanson Weightman, 1903-1991.
Bible, Alan, 1909-1988.
Cannon, Howard W.
Clarke, Bruce C. (Bruce Cooper), 1901-1988.
Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978.
Crosby, Bing, 1903-1977.
Douglas, William O. (William Orville), 1898-1980.
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969.
Figl, Leopold, 1902-1965.
Fulbright, J. William (James William), 1905-1995.
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973.
Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968.
LeMay, Curtis E.
Liddell Hart, Basil Henry, Sir, 1895-1970.
McClellan, John L. (John Little), 1896-1977.
Pace, Frank, Jr., 1912-1988.
Patton, George S. (George Smith), 1923-
Plimpton, Francis T. P. (Francis Taylor Pearsons), 1900-1983.
Rhee, Syngman, 1875-1965.
Rickenbacker, Eddie, 1890-1973.
Rivers, L. Mendel (Lucius Mendel), 1905-1970.
Rolvaag, Karl F., 1913-1990.
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962.
Smith, DeWitt C. (DeWitt Clinton), 1920-
Taft, Robert A. (Robert Alphonso), 1889-1953.
Taylor, Maxwell D. (Maxwell Davenport), 1901-1987.
Van Fleet, James A. (James Alward), 1892-1992.
Westmoreland, William C. (William Childs), 1914-2005.
Wood, John S. (John Shirley), 1888-1966.
Young, Stephen M. (Stephen Marvin), 1889-1984.
United States. -- Army -- Officers.
United States. -- Army.
United States -- History, Military -- 20th century.
Genres and Forms
Preferred citation for this material is as follows:
John Shirley Wood Papers,
Special Collections Research Center,
Syracuse University Libraries
Gift of Mrs. John S. Wood, 1967.
|Box 1||Abrams, Maj. Gen. Creighton 1945-1965|
|Box 1||Abrams, M. 1944-1946|
|Box 1||Baldwin, Hanson W. 1945-1963|
|Box 1||Baring, Walter S. 1959-1966|
|Box 1||Bible, Alan 1959-1966|
|Box 1||Caccia, Harold 1950-1966|
|Box 1||Cannon, Howard W. 1959-1966|
|Box 1||Churchill, Winston 1950|
|Box 1||Clarke, Brig. Gen. Bruce C. 1944-1946|
|Box 1||Conant, James B. 1945-1946|
|Box 1||Crosby, Bing 1944|
|Box 1||A-C, miscellaneous 1928-1965|
|Box 1||Dager, Brig. Gen. Holmes E. 1944-1961|
|Box 1||Douglas, Justice William O. 1958-1963|
|Box 1||Drake, Brig. Gen. Charles C. 1959-1960|
|Box 1||Eisenhower, Dwight D. 1950-1965|
|Box 1||Figl, Leopold 1951-1958|
|Box 1||Fulbright, Sen. J. William 1943-1963|
|Box 1||D-F, miscellaneous 1928-1965|
|Box 1||Gray, Brig. Gen. Hobart R. 1945-1960|
|Box 1||G-H, miscellaneous 1939-1966|
|Box 1||Johnson, Lyndon B. 1960|
|Box 1||Johnson, Robert W. 1945-1950|
|Box 1||Kennedy, Robert F. 1965-1967|
|Box 1||I-K, miscellaneous 1938-1966|
|Box 1||LeMay, Gen. Curtis E. 1959|
|Box 1||Liddell-Hart, B. H. 1930-1965|
|Box 2||McClellan, Sen. John L. 1950-1962|
|Box 2||Moseley, Gen. George Van Horn 1938-1960|
|Box 2||Murphy, James L. 1950-1966|
|Box 2||L-N, miscellaneous 1945-1967|
|Box 2||Pace, Frank, Jr. 1950-1965|
|Box 2||Passanante, Anthony J. 1956-1960|
|Box 2||Patton, Gen. George S. 1943-1958|
|Box 2||Plimpton, Francis T. P. 1963|
|Box 2||Rhee, Syngman 1958|
|Box 2||Rickenbacker, Eddie 1945|
|Box 2||Rivers, L. Mendel 1963-1964|
|Box 2||Rolvaag, Gov. Karl F. 1963|
|Box 2||Roosevelt, Eleanor (Mrs. Franklin D.) 1956|
|Box 2||Russell, Gov, Charles H. 1958|
|Box 2||O-R, miscellaneous 1945-1963|
|Box 2||Settle, Vice Adm. T. G. W. 1960-1961|
|Box 2||Smith, DeWitt C. 1960-1967|
|Box 2||S, miscellaneous 1924-1965|
|Box 2||Taft, Sen. Robert A. 1951|
|Box 2||Taylor, Gen. Maxwell D. 1945-1964|
|Box 2||United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency 1952-1953|
|Box 2||Van Fleet, Gen. James A. 1951-1959|
|Box 2||Vanderbilt, Cornelius Jr. 1960|
|Box 2||T-V, miscellaneous|
|Box 2||Ward, Maj. Gen. Orlando 1945-1951|
|Box 2||Wood, Ray 1960-1963|
|Box 2||Young, Sen. Stephen M. 1965|
|Box 2||W-Y, miscellaneous 1945-1961|
|Box 2||Unidentified 1945-1965|
|Box 2||Miscellaneous 1935-1944 (2 folders)|
|Box 3||Miscellaneous 1945-1966 (7 folders)|
|Box 3||Wood, Abigail (Mrs. John S.) 1965-1967|
|About John S. Wood|
|Box 3||By Hanson W. Baldwin - reproduction|
|Box 3||By various writers 1967|
|By John S. Wood|
|Box 3||The American fighting man [MISSING: folder empty, 7/14/2017] 1960 - reproduction|
|Box 3||Artillery notes from foreign journals, in Artillery Journal 1935 - printed material|
|Box 3||Artillery strengths in the French offensives of 1918, in Field Artillery Journal 1934 - printed material|
|Box 3||Counterbattery in war of movement, in Field Artillery Journal - printed material|
|Box 3||Courage conquers - original typescript|
|Box 4||Czech outlook seen as dark, in Des Moines Register 30 Mar 1938 - printed material|
|Box 4||The disarmament dream - original typescript|
|Box 4||The German military doctrine, in Field Artillery Journal 1934 - printed article, English and Spanish versions|
|Box 4||The Italian artillery in Ethiopia, in Field Artillery Journal 1936, 1937 - printed material; includes clipping in Italian|
|Box 4||The liaison problem, in Field Artillery Journal 1935 - printed material|
|Box 4||Notes on disarmament and the United States - typescript|
|Box 4||Notes on foreign armies, in Field Artillery Journal - printed material|
|Box 4||Notes on military measure for United States security - typescript and mimeographed copies|
|Box 4||Notes on war of movement circa 1935 - printed material|
|Box 4||The officer's code of honor - typescript|
|Box 4||Prophet or fantasy, in Field Artillery Journal circa 1934 - printed material|
|Box 4||Promotion 1937 - printed material|
|Box 4||Reorganization, in Reserve Officer 1936 - reproduction of typescript; printed material|
|Autobiography, Things remembered and things considered - typescript with handwritten corrections and research notes|
|Box 4||Christmas greetings 1962-1965 - printed material|
|Box 4||Column, "Notes and comments," in Field Artillery Journal 1937-1939 - printed material|
|Box 4||Foreword to research study on 4th Armored Division during 1944 campaign 1950 - carbon copy of typescript; correspondence; includes report|
|Box 4||Interview (radio) 1952 - mimeographed copy|
|Box 4||Memoranda on World War II artillery 1939-1946 - typescript|
|Box 4||Notes and outlines 1949-1961 - holograph; typescript; mimeographed copies|
|Box 4||Obituaries for friends 1957-1963 - typescript; printed material|
|Box 4||Obituary for himself, by Wood - typescript|
|Box 4||Speeches 1945-1966 - holograph; typescript|
|Box 4||Telephone conversation transcript - typescript|
|See also Memorabilia : Albums, below.|
|Box 5||Austria - primarily Vienna and Salzburg, includes some postcards|
|Box 5||Camps, maneuvers, parades|
|Box 5||England, France, during World War II circa 1942|
|Box 5||Friends 1957-1960|
|Box 5||O'Donnell, Emmett, General 1960|
|Box 5||Patton, George S., Lieutenant Colonel|
|Box 5||Patton, George S., General circa 1942|
|Box 5||Pre-World War II|
|Box 5||Scott, Charles L., Major General circa 1945|
|Box 5||Self with others 1937-1945, 1952-1966 (2 folders)|
|Box 5||Stillwell, Joseph, General|
|Box 5||[Miscellaneous] 1937-1945|
|Box 5||[Miscellaneous] 1952-1966|
|Box 4||Album 1938-1951 - photographs|
|Box 6||Album, Vienna 1948-1953 - photographs|
|Box 6||Address books, lists of addresses 1952 - 2 volumes|
|Box 6||Awards, citations, degrees|
|Box 6||Biographical material, manuscript, news clippings 1939-1965|
|Box 6||Biographical material volume, Abiding Heroes - obituaries, memorials, tributes|
|Box 6||Book lists|
|Box 6||“By Deeds Alone” The Official March of the 4th Armored Division - audiorecording (1 VinylDisc) (ID#: wood_js_002)|
|Track list: 1. By Deeds Alone; 2. Men of Honor; 3. Hit the Leather (Official March of the 2nd Cavalry Regiment); 4. Armored Guard Mount Medley - Yellow Ribbon, Gary Owen [Garryowen], STRAC Armor, The Girl I left Behind|
|Map-Case||Commission, Captain in Coast Artillery Corps 1917|
|Box 7||Date books 1947-1966 - 22 volumes (4 folders)|
|Box 8||Financial records|
|Box 8||4th Armored Division 1944-1961|
|Box 8||International Refugee Organization 1951|
|Box 8||Maps 1944-1945|
|Box 8||Military Pay and Retirement Bill 1959-1963 - printed material|
|Box 8||Programs and events attended 1947 - printed material|
|Box 8||Schweizerischer Tennisverband / Association Suisse de Tennis Offizielles Jahrbuch / Annuaire officiel 1963, 1965|
|Box 8||Training manuals 1945-1951 - printed material; mimeographed copies|
|Box 8||U. S. Army releases 1945-1946 - mimeographed|
|Box 8||United States Information Service, Vienna, Austria 1950-1951 - bulletins|
|Box 8||Historical and Pictorial Review, 37th Armored Regiment (4th Armored Division) 1942|
|Box 8||Historical and Pictorial Review, 22 Armored Field Artillery, 66th Armored Field Artillery, 94th Field Artillery|
|Box 9||Historical and Pictorial Review, Division Headquarters Company, Combat Commands A and B, Division service Company, 144th Signal Company, Headquarters Division Trains, 24th Armored Engineer Battalion, 84th Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 704th Tank Destroyer Battalion (4th Armored Division) 1942|
|Box 9||The German Artillery in the Breakthrough Battles of the World War, by Col. George H. Bruchmuller|
|Box 9||Fourth Armored Division Convention - audiorecording; John Shirley Wood, speaker (1/4 inch audio tape) (ID#: wood_js_001)|