Finding aid created by: DW
Date: May 1980
|10 Dec 2008||converted to EAD (MD)|
|21 Aug 2009||added detailed biographical info and inventory (SK)|
Overview of the Collection
|Title:||Paul Norris Papers|
|Dates:||1939-1968 (bulk: 1955-1962)|
|Quantity:||12.25 linear ft.|
|Abstract:||Approximately 2,228 original daily and Sunday cartoons from the comic strip Brick Bradford, material related to Norris' work as a WWII propaganda artist and clippings.|
|Repository:||Special Collections Research Center,
Syracuse University Libraries
222 Waverly Avenue
Syracuse, NY 13244-2010
Paul Norris (1914-2007) was an American cartoonist who co-created the superhero Aquaman and drew the comic strip Brick Bradford.
Paul Norris was born April 26, 1914 in Greenville, Ohio. After briefly working as a card writer for the J.C. Penny Co, Norris, at the suggestion of his cousin, who was a professor of journalism at Midland Lutheran College in Fremont, Nebraska, moved to Fremont, Nebraska in 1934 to attend Midland Lutheran. Norris served as the college yearbook art director and drew caricatures of every graduating senior. However, Norris left college and returned to Ohio to work on the proposed syndicated comic strip Hobo Cupboard but the strip was never published.
Norris took a job in a machinery factory in Dayton, Ohio and finished his studies at night at the Dayton Art Institute. He then went on to work for the Dayton Daily News where he drew a photography themed comic, Scoop Lens for their supplement Camerica. At the suggestion of Milton Caniff, in 1940 Norris moved to New York City where he worked for comic book companies Prize Publications and National and co-created the character Aquaman. Norris’ first experience drawing a newspaper strip came when he took over Vic Jordan for the New York Daily PM in 1941.
Norris worked as an Army artist during WWII and drew propaganda materials dropped on Japanese civilians. Norris was transferred to the psychological warfare division of the Tenth Army where he worked with a Japanese POW to ensure the accuracy of the material in propaganda leaflets and increase their effectiveness.
After the war, Norris began working the for King Features Syndicate where he worked on comic books and drew the strip Secret Agent X-9 until transitioning to the Jungle Jim Sunday strip in 1948. In 1954 Norris took over the science fiction strip Brick Bradford from artist Clarence Gray which continued until April 25, 1987.
In 2006, Midland Lutheran College hosted an exhibit of original Norris cartoons. Paul Norris retired in 1988 and died November 11, 2007.
The Paul Norris Papers primarily contain original daily and Sunday cartoons from the Brick Bradford comic strip from 1955-1962. There are approximately 2,228 original cartoons. Materials used include pen, ink, blue pencil, watercolor, illustration board and zipatone screening. The Sunday strips often contain a notation to drop the top row for newspapers wishing to carry it in a two-row format.
Brick Bradford features science fiction storylines often set in space or in isolated areas that continue for several weeks. Each sequence has an individual title and when main character Brick Bradford returns from one successful mission, he smoothly transitions to another. Norris often marked the passage of time within a strip and portrayed simultaneous action in several panels within a single strip.
Also included are clippings related to Norris' personal life and career. Of particular interest is material related to Norris' work during WWII as a propaganda artist. The Propaganda series contains an original WWII era propaganda cartoon by Norris in Japanese. There is a translation for this cartoon as well as a report from an interrogation interview between Norris and a Japanese POW who was a commercial artist.
The Paul Norris Papers are arranged in three series: Cartoons, Propaganda, and Clippings. Daily and Sunday cartoons are arranged separately in chronological order.
Special Collections Research Center has collections of over one hundred cartoonists. Please refer to the SCRC Subject Index for a complete listing.
King Features Syndicate.
Brick Bradford (comic strip)
American wit and humor, Pictorial.
Caricatures and cartoons -- United States.
Cartoonists -- United States.
Comic books, strips, etc. -- United States.
Science fiction -- caricatures and cartoons.
World War II -- Propaganda.
Genres and Forms
Cartoons (humorous images)
Clippings (information artifacts)
Preferred citation for this material is as follows:
Paul Norris Papers,
Special Collections Research Center,
Syracuse University Libraries
Gift of Paul Norris, 1967-1968.
|Click here for a detailed inventory.|
|Brick Bradford daily cartoons (1978 items) 5 3/8" x 17 1/2"|
|Oversize 1||1955 Jan - 1955 Jun|
|Oversize 2||1955 Jul - 1955 Dec|
|Oversize 3||1956 Jan - 1956 Jun|
|Oversize 4||1956 Jul - 1956 Dec|
|Oversize 5||1957 Jan - 1957 Jun|
|Oversize 6||1957 Jul - 1957 Dec, 1958 Jan - 1958 Apr|
|Oversize 7||1958 May - 1958 Dec|
|Oversize 8||1959 Jan - 1959 Aug|
|Oversize 9||1959 Sep - 1959 Dec, 1960 Jan - 1960 Feb|
|Oversize 10||1960 Mar - 1960 Jul|
|Oversize 11||1960 Aug - 1960 Dec|
|Oversize 12||1961 Jan - 1961 Oct|
|Oversize 13||1961 Nov - 1961 Dec, 1962 Jan - 1962 Jun|
|Oversize 14||1962 Jul - 1962 Dec|
|Brick Bradford Sunday cartoons (250 items) 15 1/4" x 23"|
|Oversize 17||"How Jiro was Captured" - propaganda cartoon circa 1942-1945|
|Oversize 17||Translation of "How Jiro was Captured" circa 1942-1945|
|Oversize 17||Interview with Japanese POW circa 1942-1945|
|Oversize 17||Article featuring propaganda cartoon 7 May 1955|
|Oversize 17||1939, 1952-1955, 1957-1959, 1961, 1966, 1968|